As seen above with the anatomy, flat feet can lead to excessive stretching of the plantar fascia and foot musculature. With excessive landing and jumping forces from gymnastics, athletes may experience small microtears and foot/heal pain. Plantar fasciitis literally means “inflammation of the plantar fascia” and is a tough beast for someone to live with once it sneaks up on you. Give the tape a fair amount of stretch (about 80%) as you wrap under the foot over the arch. Then, hold down the last bit of tape with your thumb and secure it to the outside of the foot with no stretch. Shoulder surgery is a technique used to repair injuries when other more conservative treatment options-including rest, activity modification and medications-do not prove effective in restoring normal function of the shoulder joint. Without the sternoclavicular (SC) joint, your arms and shoulder bones would not be attached to your skeleton. The SC joint allows shoulder movement by connecting the collarbone (clavicle) to the chest bone (sternum). It is rare to have serious SC joint issues, according to the Internet Society for Orthopaedic Surgery and Trauma, but it is possible to have pain and swelling from several causes. Moshcowitz initially described pes anserine bursitis in the 1930s as an inflammation of the pes anserine bursa underlying the conjoined tendons of the gracilis and semitendinosus muscles and separating them from the head of the tibia. He defined the condition based on his observation of this type of bursitis in older adults with arthritis. He also described the musculi sartorii bursa between the tendon of the sartorius muscle and the conjoined tendons of the gracilis and semitendinosus, which can communicate with the pes anserine bursa proper. For the most part, both bursae are regarded collectively as the pes anserine bursa. Chronically elevated blood glucose (sugar) levels can cause obesity and diabetesIf you have been diagnosed with high blood sugar, fear not, for this is a condition over which you have ample control through meticulous regulation of your dietary practices. Unlike many disorders, which require medication to treat, lowering blood glucose requires nothing more than diligent adherence to healthy nutritional practices. Sinusitis develops when the sinuses become inflamed. This irritation can be due to a viral, bacterial or fungal infection. Studies conducted by the Mayo Clinic suggest there are a wide assortment of fungi in everyone's nasal passages. However some people may overreact to these plant-like organisms and develop chronic sinusitis. There are 26 bones in the feet, over 30 joints and a fair smattering of muscles, ligaments and tendons. The heel bone, the calcaneus, is the strongest bone in the foot. It needs to be because it takes the full weight of the leg on it. This is one of the roles of the feet generally. The other is propulsion. The Journal of American Podiatric Medicine May 1999, Sobel E, Levity S T, Caselli MA Division of Orthopaedic Sciences, New York College of Podiatric Medicine. Vol. 94 Number 6542-549 2004 Journal of American Podiatric Medicine" The Conservative Management of Plantar Fasciitis" – Pfeffer GB, University of California, San Francisco, CA. At birth, the foot will usually present with broad feet and short toes. Some feet may also present with a larger than normal space between the great toe and the second toe. Although these conditions are not medically problematic, shoegear and walking can aggravate these conditions and produce further problems, especially with the increasing life expectancy of these individuals over time. Most people who have flat feet do not experience any symptoms. However, some, at times, may experience pain in their foot, ankle or lower leg. Pain can be a common symptom in children with flat feet and if this symptom is present a medical provider should examine them. The examination varies according to the age of the child. For the first four to five days after birth, the foot lies in an acutely dorsiflexed position with the top of the foot in contact with the anterolateral surface of the leg. The heel is in dorsiflexion, and the forefoot is markedly abducted. When the foot is plantar-flexed, a concavity appears in the sinus tarsi area with the overlying skin becoming taut with attempted plantar-flexion. In more severe cases, the foot cannot initially be plantar-flexed much beyond neutral. Overall, however, the foot is flexible and both the heel and the forefoot can be passively corrected into varus. Prominent blood veins can mean a variety of things, depending on the severity and color. Some causes of prominent blood veins are inconsequential and others require medical care. Cushing's disease or Cushing's syndrome is a condition that occurs when the body is exposed to cortisol, a hormone, for long periods of time. According to Mayo Clinic, this condition can be difficult to diagnose. A person's body shape is sometimes compared to an apple or a pear, depending upon the location of body fat. Specific health risks and diseases are associated with each type of body shape. Since the problem tookplace over a long period, it will also heal over a long period.Tendons and ligaments have poor blood supplies and do not healfast once injured. The good news is that if you can take all thepressure off, the body does have a memory and often willre-absorb the extra bone that was laid on over time. In extremecases, a surgeon may have to remove the spur, but most doctorsare extremely reluctant to do any surgery, preferring to useshoes and arch supports to manage the problem. Most doctorswill not elect to ever do surgery on this area.